How to look after anal glands.
Dogs have two anal glands located at 5 and 7 o"clock according to a circle of the anus. Contents of glands are emptied by pressing from two sides of the anus.
For the dogs they serve for marking their territory and for familiarizing with each other. Dogs welcome each other, sniffing behind.
Usually anal glands are emptied when tightning the walls of a direct gut during defication. The secretion is liquid and brownish. It can sometimes be dense, yellow or paste looking. Anal glands are emptied with the contraction of the anal sfincter, being accompanied by a specific smell when the dog is upset or frightened. Usual practice in a grooming salons is to empty and clean the glands before bathing the dog. In most cases there is no necessity to squeeze out glands if there are no special medical indications. But for dogs with overactive anal glands allocation of the secretion can be supervised by human.
How to empty аnal glands:
Lift the tail of the dog and arrange the apertures аnal glands as it is described above. You will feel small dense swellings in perinal areas in a projection of 5 and 7 o'clock. Grasp perinal skin which surrounds the gland with thumb and pointer finger and squeeze it. During emtying the sharp, caustic smell is felt. Wash out secretion.